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Bleeding gums

What are they? What are the symptoms? What are the treatments?

What are bleeding gums?

Bleeding Gums, also known as Gingivitis, is an inflammation of the gums most commonly caused by a build up of dental plaque. Most people will have gum disease at some point, and expectant mums are especially vulnerable to gingivitis because the increase in blood volume combined with pregnancy hormones means gums can swell and bleed more easily.

Bleeding Gums, also known as Gingivitis, is an inflammation of the gums most commonly caused by a build up of dental plaque. Most people will have gum disease at some point, and expectant mums are especially vulnerable to gingivitis because the increase in blood volume combined with pregnancy hormones means gums can swell and bleed more easily.

There has been some research linking gum disease in pregnancy to premature birth, but this research is not conclusive. It may also be more likely that some mums with gingivitis will have their babies early because of a poor diet, perhaps as a result of a reduced appetite, which may result from gum disease.

What are the symptoms of Bleeding Gums?

Swollen gums; bleeding gums, especially after brushing or flossing.

What are the treatments and remedies of Bleeding Gums?

You need to pay just as much attention to your teeth and gums – if not more so – during pregnancy than at other times. Plaque itself can make your gums more prone to bleeding, so you need to keep it at bay.

Brush your teeth thoroughly at least twice a day and floss regularly. Consider using a mouthwash after brushing to make sure that all little particles are removed from the teeth. Using an electric toothbrush is more effective than using a manual type, and it can also help to reduce swelling. You may find that flossing and brushing regularly makes your gums bleed more, but until the swelling has gone away then this is normal so don't be afraid of it.

You're entitled to free dental care in pregnancy and for a year after your baby is born, so take full advantage of this. You may need regular visits to the hygienist if you have gingivitis.

Talk to your dentist about other strategies for dealing with gingivitis: they are there to help you and suggest other tips for you to try.

Further help

For health advice and information 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, the NHS offers call and web services. You can also visit NHS websites for services, health information and health news at nhs.uk 

  • England – call 111 from any landline or mobile phone free of charge, or visit nhs.uk 
  • Scotland – call 111 from any landline or mobile phone free of charge, or visit nhs24.com 
  • Wales – call 0845 4647 , or visit nhsdirect.wales.nhs.uk 
  • Northern Ireland – visit hscni.net

 

Bleeding gums