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Your guide to vitamins and minerals in pregnancy

What’s good and what’s not in vitamins and minerals during your pregnancy

The importance of vitamins and minerals in pregnancy

What you need to know about the vitamins and minerals important for a healthy pregnancy

8 vitamins and minerals 474

Eating a healthy, balanced diet is vital when you’re pregnant, to give you a daily dose of those all-important vitamins and minerals. And you’ll also need to take supplements for the big two - folic acid and vitamin D

Here’s a quick guide to what you need to know about the essential vitamins and minerals you will need during your pregnancy.

Folic acid

Helpful for warding off birth defects like spina bifida, folic acid needs to be taken before you conceive, and right through until you’re 12 weeks pregnant. Look out for foods which are rich in folate, like fortified cereals, brown rice and green leafy veg. But most important of all, is that daily 400 microgram supplement.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is also vital in pregnancy, as it boosts bone health, which is crucial for you and your baby. You can get some Vitamin D from oily fish, eggs and meat - and a daily burst of sunshine boosts levels too. But the safest and most reliable solution is taking a 10 microgram supplement every day.


If you’re running low on iron during pregnancy, you’ll probably get super tired and may suffer from anaemia. An iron rich diet will help – so try green leafy veg (again!), plus dried fruit and nuts. Or if blood tests show your levels are low, your midwife or GP may suggest iron tablets.

Have a chat

Your midwife or GP can help you decide which supplements or vitamins you need, such as multivitamins specifically designed for mums-to-be. Make sure you avoid vitamin A supplements though, or any supplements containing vitamin A (retinol), as too much could harm your baby.

Top tip:

Too much vitamin A can harm your baby, so watch your intake

Free supplements

You may qualify for free supplements via the Healthy Start scheme, or even via a local NHS organisation – ask your midwife for advice.

Your guide to vitamins and minerals in pregnancy