Clomid – fertility treatment
Clomid (Clomifene citrate) is a widely-used, effective fertility treatment that can help you get pregnant by encouraging your ovaries to release eggs. Here’s a quick guide to how it works and when to take it.
When is Clomid used?
If you’ve having
problems conceiving, and considering fertility
doctors may try fertility drugs before assisted conception treatments like IVF.
What is Clomid?
Clomid is the
brand name for a drug called Clomifene citrate - an effective fertility treatment
that can help you get pregnant by stimulating your ovaries to release eggs. It’s
ideal if you ovulate infrequently, or you’re not ovulating at all.
Clomid is particularly
helpful for women with polycystic ovaries or polycystic ovary syndrome.
It’s also used
to boost egg production before starting a fertility treatment, like intrauterine insemination (IUI).
In the past it
was used to treat unexplained infertility, but doctors have stopped because it’s
no longer thought to be effective.
How does Clomid work?
Clomid works by
blocking the effect of the hormone oestrogen in your body, which means you automatically
start producing more of the other two hormones you need to ovulate - follicle-stimulating
hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH).
FSH ripens the eggs
in your ovaries, getting them ready to release, while LH triggers the release
of one or more mature eggs from your ovary follicles.
What’s the success rate of Clomid?
thought to help about 70 per cent of women ovulate and roughly 40 per cent will
How do I take it?
You start off
with a low dose which you take as pills. Your doctor or fertility specialist
will advise you on what’s best for you, but many women take a fairly low dose
of Clomid (50mg) for five days early in your cycle, for up to six months at a
If it doesn’t
seem to be helping, your doctor might try increasing the dose to see if that helps.
Unfortunately, some women find Clomid doesn’t work for them at all, in which
case your doctor may recommend you try other drugs instead.
Does Clomid have any side-effects?
It can cause a
few side effects – some women experience bleeding in between menstrual periods,
sore breasts, bloating or stomach ache, eyesight problems, headaches, heavy or
painful periods, nausea, pelvic pain and vomiting.
you don’t take Clomid while pregnant, so make sure you double check before you
start taking it.
Can it produce multiple pregnancies
stimulate ovulation like this can result in your body releasing more than one
egg, increasing your chance of multiple pregnancy, most likely twins.